moving 2 canadaPopulation:  Canada is the second largest country on earth—10 million square kilometres, with a population of 36 million (December 2016)

Canada has ten provinces and three territories. Each province and territory has its own capital city.

Capital city of Canada: Ottawa

Largest city: Toronto

Most Populated Provinces: Ontario and Québec (62.1% of the Canadian total)  followed by British Columbia, Alberta, and Manitoba.
Nova Scotia is the second smallest province in Canada and the most populous Atlantic Province (920,000)
Six cities in Canada have a population of over 1 million: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton and Ottawa.
Despite being a huge country, Canada has the fourth lowest population density in the world, with only three people living per square kilometre! Almost half of the population in Canada were born in other countries.

Political system: Federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy


Main languages: English and French.  The only officially bilingual province in Canada is New Brunswick, and Quebec is the only all-French province.Montreal is the world’s second-largest French-speaking city after Paris.

Major religions: Christianity
Life Expectancy: 81.2 years (2012)

Time: There are six time zones in Canada, ranging from GMT 8 in the west to GMT -3.5 in the east.

Pacific Standard (PST),
Mountain Standard (MST),
Central Standard (CST),
Eastern Standard (EST),
Atlantic Standard (AST) and Newfoundland Standard (NST).
(The unusual Newfoundland Standard time zone adds a mere 30 minutes to Atlantic Standard/Halifax time.)


Every Canadian province and territory except Saskatchewan practise Daylight Savings. On the second Sunday in March, all Canadian clocks are set ahead one hour (“spring forward”), while on the first Sunday in November they are rewound back an hour (“fall back”).


Electricity: 110 volts, 60Hz. Standard plugs are flat two-pins or plugs with a third round grounding pin.


Currency: The Canadian Dollar (CAD), divided into 100 cents.


Tipping:  5-20 per cent depending on the type of service.


International dialling code: +1. Area code for Ottawa is (1) 613, and for Halifax, it is (1) 902

Emergency numbers: 911

Drives on the: Right
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