Canada has ten provinces and three territories. Each province and territory has its own capital city.
Largest city: Toronto
Political system: Federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
Main languages: English and French. The only officially bilingual province in Canada is New Brunswick, and Quebec is the only all-French province.Montreal is the world’s second-largest French-speaking city after Paris.
Time: There are six time zones in Canada, ranging from GMT 8 in the west to GMT -3.5 in the east.
Every Canadian province and territory except Saskatchewan practise Daylight Savings. On the second Sunday in March, all Canadian clocks are set ahead one hour (“spring forward”), while on the first Sunday in November they are rewound back an hour (“fall back”).
Electricity: 110 volts, 60Hz. Standard plugs are flat two-pins or plugs with a third round grounding pin.
Currency: The Canadian Dollar (CAD), divided into 100 cents.
Tipping: 5-20 per cent depending on the type of service.
International dialling code: +1. Area code for Ottawa is (1) 613, and for Halifax, it is (1) 902
Emergency numbers: 911